Monday, April 14, 2014

Hoa Phong Tower at Hoan Kiem lake

Quietly on the shores of Hoan Kiem Lake, not many people know that it is the remains of the largest temple in the 19th century.

The last ancient tower

With Hanoian people, a picture of Hoa Phong tower, located on the ancient Dinh Tien Hoang Street seems to have become all too familiar. The tower as a landmark in the heart of Hanoi old self. Most people not only in Hanoi but the guests to the Hoan Kiem lake tour are thinking that tower of populations Turtle Tower - Hoan Kiem Lake. But few know that is one of the architectural works of art surviving populations Bao An Pagoda was built hundreds of years ago.

Named Bao An Pagoda was built in about 1842. Because so many lakes in the temple so people also called Lotus Temple and Tri also known as The Master (official name of the temple establishment). Temple has 180 spaces, complex architecture and sophisticated. The temple is located on the east coast Hoan Kiem Lake, the Red River turns out front, and the back is based on the lake. Bao An Temple, located near the 100 samples, including 180 with 36 roof space.
11/ 1885 of the colonial governor who ordered Lanessan De France is burning the leaves around Hoan Kiem Lake. Night 22/01/1886, 300 Wood Bridge rooftop, Hang Be, Hang Mam, Hang Thung, Hangvoi was burnt. And the night of 28.1.1886, a major fire occurred destroying the village has a long Cu. Bao An Temple Area’s only land desolate.

By 1888 France had destroyed the temple to build a post office. Hoa Phong tower just behind the temple is retained and is the only remnant of Bao An Pagoda. Hoa Phong Tower square consists of 3 floors. On the 1st floor there are four open arches towards the exit. Above the door there are words such as Newspapers corrosion - Report That subjects - subject’s German newspaper - professional vindication.

The second floor, four square corner office building located four vocational subjects are oriented to the east. Third floor burn “Hoa Phong Tower”, on top of a raised ornamental lake lots election. This is a little tower seen in Buddhist architecture. Floor 1 to and higher than the top two floors. If at that time the lotus stupa at the Tran Quoc Pagoda West Lake reached 11 floors, 15 meters high, the tower Hoa Phong only 3 floors and brick ceiling. Perhaps because it is located outside the entrance, but not as the master of the garden tomb tower temple.

According to the remained material, who presided over the building stands out as governor temple Ha Ninh ( Ha Noi - Bac Ninh ) Nguyen Dang Giai. Nguyen Dang Giai capital is the village of Phu Chanh Le Thuy District,Quang Binh Province. He came in a very grand, grandfather, Dr. Nguyen Dang Heng, his father is the covariance University Dr Nguyen Dang Tuan ( the school teacher of King Thieu Tri ).

Childhood, Nguyen Dang Giai studied with his father, the first year of Minh Mang ( 1820 ), he shows them the ( bachelor's ) and then turn appointed the vital functions of the Nguyen Dynasty . He is the god name has many great contributions in the clean piracy, war boats rectify, eliminate harassment caused multiple accidents population, up riots, opening people's homes for economic crop failure, famine. Binh Ngo.. In 1846, during the reign of Thieu Tri, Nguyen Dang Giai when he served as governor of Ha Ninh ( Hanoi and Ninh Binh ) has stood the chair and raise money for the construction of Bao An pagoda with big scale large.

Bao An Pagoda after inauguration superficial world scale in most types of Hanoi at that time. From the eastern lakeside path can lead to Hoa Phong Tower, then to the entrance, cross the bridge to cast tiled floor protector, the two sides have four symmetrical towers three stories high.
Next to "The postal hero” enshrined many statues of Bodhisattvas gorgeous. There corridor covered bowl, carved scenes “Pluto electrical Cross”, described the report in ten suffer hell so vividly. Behind the Marian shrine, increased health, hall, master pagoda roof 36, 150 times. Garden around the temple walls octagonal building surrounded, outside trenching lotus.

Beer stone in Bao An Pagoda.

This is one of the works bear the imprint of the Nguyen Dynasty in Thang Long. It also represents lines of thought “small stuff Grave Like “prevailing in the Nguyen Dynasty. Thought this means that religious education is still small but popular Buddhist devotees. The governor Nguyen Dang Giai Confucianism is the house (father’s lack of Nguyen Dang Tuan Thieu Tri King's school teacher) but stood up to lead the temple.

With a prime location next to the lake sacred sword, Bao An ancient temple is like “the first” place between periods with the storied fishing as: “Almost cried jubilantly slave away / In view of the Divine Master first. The scene purity , Bao An Pagoda 's beautiful when she had gone into the folklore of the sentence all the words of praise : " scene position Rooms hundred lines / in building nine wells, hexagonal outer wall / Of the ten stores each flushing / golden Temple shine like pearls of each wedge. "

As most large temples was seven hour periods, but perhaps the Bao An pagoda “stanza " most . The documents exist today have the same warped about five years to build the temple and destroyed, documents said Bao An Pagoda built in 1842, destroyed in 1883, has re- written material built in 1846, was destroyed in 1888 ... but does mark the umbrella Bao An pagoda still have the shortest survival time in the history of the great temple in Vietnam.